King's Own & Royal Malta Artillery
In 1889 at the same time of the forming of the Royal Malta Artillery, approval was obtained for the forming of a militia regiment on the island, the Royal Malta Regiment of Militia.
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Cap badge
Kings Own Malta Regiment (KOMR)
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Cap badge
Royal Malta Artillery (RMA)
World War I
This regiment was very popular and in a very short time recruitment was such that a second battalion was formed. In Between 1914 to 1918 an element of the regiment formed from both battalions volunteered to serve in Cyprus on garrison duties during the First World War. A number of officers and men volunteered for service in Gallipoli and Salonika while several officers served at the Western Front and other theatres with British Line regiments together with 2 Malta labour Corps
The Royal Malta Artillery, and King's Own Royal Malta Regiment Militia officers Although Malta's did not have its own forces it contributed to the armed forces of the Empire where there were an Enlistment of 778 Maltese in the Royal Air Force and in the Royal Naval Reserve, and 1000 Maltese labourers (Maltese Labour battalion) were sent to the Dardanelles.
After 1921 the Royal Malta Artillery (RMA) started to formed part of the British Army and was used as a transport wing for the British and US Army. Their main role was to transport bombs and missiles, with the average age of a soldier in the Regiment being only 20 years of age.
In 1923 the Kings own Malta Regiment of Militia ('King's Own' granted in 1903 by King Edward VII) was disbanded, retaining only a cadre company which formed the nucleus of the new territorial regiment raised in 1932, The King's Own Malta Regiment.
World War II
The RMA played a major part in the defence of Malta during the  Second World War. At the outbreak this regiment of territorial soldiers was embodied and during the course of the siege was expanded to four battalions, 1st , 2nd, 3rd, and 10th, rendering sterling service. The 1st and 2nd Battalions formed part of the Northern Brigade sector and the 3rd to the southern sector. The task of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd battalions was the defence of the shores of Malta and Gozo. This was mainly the manning of the beach posts and depth post - generally one depth post and two beach posts were allocated a platoon of 30 men. The Regiment provided low air defence against enemy aircraft on all the airfields. The men also helped to unload the cargoes from convoy ships, guarded supply dumps and cleared runways and filled in bomb craters. The RMA was made up of the following;
Members of the KOMR were frequently called upon to perform special tasks such as when in January 1940 after the Luftwaffe attacks on Grand Harbour and HMS Illustrious, they rescued the living and removed the dead from the devastated Cottonera area.
Royal Malta Artillery (RMA) Regiments & Batteries 
The Royal Malta Artillery HQ - Upper St. Elmo
1st Coast Regiment
Fort Rocco
2nd HAA Regiment
Fort Tigne
3rd LAA Regiment
Fort St. Elmo
5th Coast Regiment
Independent
5th HAA Battery
Delimara
6th HAA Battery
Mtarfa
7th HAA Battery
Luqa
8th Searchlight Battery
Mtarfa
 
11th HAA Regiment RMA (Territorial Unit)  
14th HAA Battery (disbanded April 1943 & taken over by 5th HAA)  
LAA - Light Anti Aircraft - Used 40mm Bofors on low flying aircraft. Each Battalion was equipped with medium machine guns and operated Bren Gun Carriers.
On the 21st September, 1939 the 11th Regt., RMA was formed as a Territorial Anti Aircraft Regiment composed of two Heavy and one Light Batteries. The former were 20 and 21 Batteries, while the latter was 22 Battery, armed with 10 Bofors 40mm guns. On the 18th of March, 1941 the first (and only) RMA Light AA Regiment was formed.The 3rd LAA Regt, RMA  took under its wings 22 Battery, as well as 30 Battery, better known as the Dockyard Defence Battery. The other was the newly-formed 10 Battery. Lt. Col. EJ Salomone was the first Commanding Officer of the Regiment, staying for the duration of the war.
7th Anti Aircraft Brigade - 1941 comprising of...
         3rd LAA Regiment
         11th HAA Regiment
         7th HAA Regiment RA 
 
Members of the KOMR were frequently called upon to perform special tasks such as when in January 1940 after the Luftwaffe attacks on Grand Harbour and HMS Illustrious, they rescued the living and removed the dead from the devastated Cottonera area.
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Malta Heavy Anti Aircraft unit embroidered badge
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Anti Aircraft Gun
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Malta Heavy Anti Aircraft Uniform
 In a June 1941 report, 3rd LAA Regt., RMA, 11th HAA Regt., RMA and 7th HAA Regt., RA are shown as the components of the 7th Anti- Aircraft Brigade, under the command of Brigadier NV Sadler, RA. 3rd LAA Regt., RMA was disbanded at the end of the war, only to be reformed in September 1951 as a Territorial Regiment, along with the 11th HAA Regt.
When the British Army switched to guided missiles for defence against high-flying aircraft, 11th HAA was turned into a LAA Regt., and some time later it was amalgamated with 3rd LAA, to form the 3/11th Light Air Defence Regt, RMA as part of the post-Independence Malta Land Force.
The Regiment was given the battle honour "Malta 1940 - 1942" in 1957 and in 1959 was given the privilege to carry the George Cross on its regimental colours, the only regiment in the British Army so honoured.
Between 1962 to 1970 1st Regiment RMA served with distinction in the British Army of the Rhine (BAOR) where they were accommodated at Moore Barracks, Dortmund. They then moved on to Wrexham Barracks, Mülheim, where they served until 1978. Unfortunately, on being recalled to Malta the Regiment was disbanded and in 1970 RMA become Malta Land Force (MLF) with effect from 13th December 1974 of Malta becoming a Republic. Malta Land Force (MLF) take the responsibility of the Islands and the Government of Malta.